The need for immersive Digital Twins in Industry 4.0

Since the emergence of the Smart Factory concept in manufacturing, Digital Twins have become a vital part of Industry 4.0, creating entirely new business models with proven benefits. Digital Twins have taken advantage from the exponential growth of immersive technologies such as, Virtual Reality, Augmented Reality, Mixed Reality, IoT and Artificial Intelligence in the recent years. Industry 4.0 In reality, the mainstream adoption of Industry 4.0 is not going to be immediate since the infrastructure-readiness level is yet to improve a lot in most countries. However, existing case studies and reports make it evident that the next five to ten years are going to be the key for this radical digital transformation. A recent McKinsey survey indicates that 92 per cent of Industry 4.0 suppliers and 74 per cent of manufacturers expect Industry 4.0 to have an impact on their business model. Digital Twins Digital Twins are virtual clones of their physical counterpart—connected and streaming data in real-time. They are not just the digital prototypes or CAD models. This metaverse has the potential to represent most elements and dynamics of the physical world with remarkable productivity boost. The entire lifecycle of an equipment starting from design to creation, operation, troubleshooting and maintenance can be enhanced through digital twins. Immersive Digital Twins Fusing the digital and physical worlds through immersive experiences, such as, Augmented Reality (AR), Virtual Reality (VR) or Mixed-Reality (MR) adds the real value to digital twins. This immersive technology adds additional perspectives to virtual objects such as, depth, volume and scale in relation to the viewer, which helps the decision-makers to visualise huge volumes of data in...